Tips to be Fit
By Vince Faust
The common cold can be caused by over 200 viruses. Not wearing a hat or getting caught in the rain will not cause a cold. Viruses cause colds. The symptoms of a cold can include a runny nose, red eyes, sneezing, sore throat, dry cough, headache, and general body aches. After exposure to a cold virus, there will be two to three days before you start to see symptoms. As your cold progresses your nasal mucus will thicken. Your cold may last one to two weeks.
Colds can occur anytime. They are more common in late winter and early spring. Children average about six colds a year. Adults have two or three a year. Remember viruses are much smaller than our cells. Viruses are organisms that only contain genetic material. To reproduce, viruses invade cells in your body and change how our cells work. The cold virus can spread through droplets in the air when someone that is in close contact with someone who is sick coughs, sneezes or talks. Colds can also spread from hand-to-hand contact with someone who has a cold or by sharing contaminated objects, such as utensils, towels, toys or telephones.
There is no cure for the common cold. No matter what your mother, grandmother of sister has told you there is no cure for the common cold yet. Don’t confuse the treating symptoms for a cure. Antibiotics will not cure a cold. There is a lot of things to treat the symptom. Some work other just work your wallet.
If your cold lasts longer than two weeks it can lead to a more serious bacterial infection. These infections include bronchitis and pneumonia. Getting rest, balancing your diet and reducing your stress can help prevent some complications.
If you feel a cold coming start working on it.
• Reduce your stress after school or work.
• Drink non-caffeinated liquids.
• Get extra rest.
• Take some to relieve aches.
• Put some moisture in your house.
• Gargle to help prevent a sore throat.
• Avoid over the counter remedies that combine drugs such as decongestants,
antihistamines and pain relievers to treat many different symptoms. Treat each symptom separately.
• Avoid antihistamines unless recommended by your doctor.
• Treat your stuffy nose to improve mucus drainage.
• Only use decongestants for three days or less. Prolong use can cause
your mucous membrane to swell up more.
You should see your doctor if your cold doesn’t go away in one to two weeks or it gets worse.
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